Tooth decay occurs when the bacteria of the mouth combines with sugars from food and produces acids. Over time, the acids eat away at your tooth’s enamel, causing tooth decay and cavities. Symptoms of tooth decay are a toothache, swelling in the gums, bad breath, and spots on the teeth.
If you drink from a water source that does not contain fluoride or on a diet high in sugars and carbohydrates, you may be at risk for tooth decay. To prevent tooth decay and improve your overall oral health you should eat healthy foods that are low in sugar, use a mouthwash or rinse regularly, brush and floss a minimum of two times each day, schedule routine visits and cleanings, have regular fluoride treatments, and get dental sealants applied to your back teeth if they are free of fillings and decay. Dental sealants are especially effective at protecting children’s teeth.